The factory was started by Englishman Francis Gardner in 1766. The stamped moose head mark on the bottom is in red ink, signifying First Class wares. When the company was taken over by the Soviet regime after the 1917 revolution,
Motto ware is named for all the brief but often profound sayings on the pottery. This particular type of Torquay pottery is also called cottageware for the pictures of cottages which are applied using colored slip(liquid clay) to draw with.
The Hygeia Ice Company produced manufactured ice, also called plant ice, freezing water with mechanical equipment, rather than harvesting natural ice. It was the nation's largest cold storage locker and the first artificial ice plant in the area.