This rare set, comprised of a tall tankard pitcher and two matching mugs, was made by the Chesapeake Pottery in Baltimore, Maryland. The company was founded in 1880; sold to D.F. (David Frances) Haynes in 1882, it flourished under his direction. One of the lines was named "Haynes Ware," which included this trio decorated with Egyptian scenes featuring camels, pyramids and palm trees. We've included a photo of the company's building, taken after 1895, when the name was changed to "D.F. Haynes & Son-Chesapeake Pottery." The company closed permanently in 1914.
The Egyptian Revival style was popular throughout the nineteenth century and into the early 1900's. On Haynes Ware, the decorations are transfers overlaid on a painted brown background that was sprayed on. Deeper brown areas trim the top and bottom edges and the handles. Unlike the mugs, the pitcher has a pale blue sky above the desert. The transfers were hand painted in areas such as the green of the palm trees and the red on the camels' blankets. The handles are shaped like tree branches, echoing another popular late Victorian theme: rustic cabins for well-off getaways. Both the mugs and the tankard have gold trim on the upper rims, somewhat worn on each.
There are two printed marks on the bottoms of these pieces. The curved banner with the word "HAYNES" in it and the underlined abbreviation BALT beneath it was first used as a company logo in 1900. (This mark is absent on one of the mugs). The other mark is the name of the pottery line "Haynes Ware" along with the pattern name "Egyptian Decoration" and the mold number 1002 handwritten in gold.
The pitcher measures 13 inches tall and tapers to a flared base about 6 1/2 inches in diameter. Across the top from spout to handle measures 8 inches and the piece weighs 4 pounds 3 ounces. It's in good condition, with a faint hairline that runs inside from the top rim down about 2 1/2 inches. It is in the glaze and does not come through to the outside (it's barely visible in photo # 9, lower right, next to the mug). There are two lumps of clay inside, one on the lower side and one on the bottom, that have darkened over the last century. The mugs each weigh about 1 pound and stand 5 1/4 inches tall on a 3 3/4 inch diameter base. They are also in good shape, with some discolorations to the interiors (all three pieces have crazing). There are no chips or cracks and they make a very eye-catching display.
>>> Marks information from the book "Lehner's Encyclopedia of U.S. Marks on Pottery, Porcelain and Clay" by Lois Lehner.