This black basalt cream jug or pitcher was made by the Caledonian Pottery, which was established circa 1800 on the banks of the Monkland canal in Glasgow, Scotland. In 1872, the pottery moved to Rutherglen by the railroad tracks and was closed in 1928. Black basalt porcelain was an innovation of Josiah Wedgwood in the late 1700's; he called it "Basaltes Ware", naming it after the volcanic rock basalt. It is a type of clay that starts out brown but fires black with an appearance that is almost glass-like. There are no marks to the base on this piece.
This jug has a scrolled handle surmounted with the figure of a griffin and a curving "funnel" spout. The body is short and bulbous, with the upper half having a stippled surface and the lower half with molded thistle flowers. The height is 4 1/4 inches to the top of the handle and the same across from spout to handle. The circular foot is a bit over 2 inches in diameter. This pitcher is without chips or cracks and a lovely piece of Scottish history.